Subcontracts India
A managed buy-sell program typically refers to a structured investment strategy where a manager or investment professional actively oversees the buying and selling of assets within a portfolio. The goal is often to achieve specific financial objectives or to implement a particular investment strategy. Here's a breakdown of the key components:

  1. Management Approach:
    • Active Management: In a managed buy-sell program, the manager actively makes decisions regarding when to buy or sell assets based on market conditions, economic indicators, and the overall investment strategy.
  2. Objective and Strategy:
    • Objective: The program usually has a defined investment objective, which could include capital preservation, income generation, or capital appreciation.
    • Strategy: The strategy employed can vary widely and may involve a combination of asset classes, such as stocks, bonds, commodities, or alternative investments.
  3. Risk Management:
    • Risk Assessment: Managers assess the risk tolerance and goals of the investors to tailor the program to their specific needs.
    • Risk Mitigation: Risk management strategies may be implemented to protect the portfolio from adverse market movements.
  4. Buy-Sell Decision Process:
    • Market Analysis: Managers use various forms of market analysis, including technical and fundamental analysis, to make informed decisions on when to buy or sell assets.
    • Timing: The timing of buy and sell decisions is crucial, and managers may use quantitative models or other tools to identify opportune moments.
  5. Investor Participation:
    • Managed Accounts: Investors typically have individual accounts within the program, allowing for a degree of customization based on their unique financial goals and risk tolerance.
  6. Monitoring and Reporting:
    • Performance Monitoring: Regular monitoring of the portfolio's performance is conducted, and adjustments are made as necessary to align with the investment strategy.
    • Reporting: Investors receive periodic reports detailing the performance of their accounts and any changes made to the portfolio.
  7. Fees and Costs:
    • Management Fees: Investors usually pay management fees for the professional oversight and active management of their portfolios.
    • Transaction Costs: Costs associated with buying and selling assets within the program may also apply.
It's important for investors considering a managed buy-sell program to thoroughly understand the program's objectives, strategies, and fees, and to assess whether they align with their own financial goals and risk tolerance. Additionally, past performance and the track record of the manager are important factors to consider when evaluating such programs.
In a managed buy/sell trading program, the spread between the buying and selling of bank debentures creates profits by buying low and selling high to a predetermined exit buyer. Because traders cannot use their own money to operate a program, they look for financially qualified investors to provide collateral support for the initial purchase of a new issue asset.

In trading, as we are discussing it here, a trader has locked in the first issuance of some instrument – such as a standby letter of credit, a bank guarantee or a medium term note – while, at the same time, the next, or secondary buyer has been lined up and ready to take the asset at a higher price. However, the trader cannot execute the start trade without having shown new money, such as a line of credit; there is nothing to buy or sell. That is where the investor comes in.

Typically, a credit line makes the trades work, and in order to get the credit line, the trader must show that an investor is proffering his cash or instrument assets to be monetized. In many cases, the investor becomes a joint venture partner in the process of this monetization. The investor money is never really touched – it simply acts as supporting collateral for the trade credit line. As the credit line is generally non-repayable, non-recourse or non-depletion, this means little to no risk to the investor of losing his money. This limits the risk of the underlying collateral being tapped in the event of a default. For additional safety, the bank blocks cash funds in an administrative hold, which prevents credit line depletion during the trade contract, or utilizes an acceptable instrument as the support. In the case of a bank instrument, the trader can rightfully use the instrument to support the credit line.

Because the trader already has the ‘exit’ buyer – the second buyer taking the asset at the predetermined higher price – the profit spread has also been predetermined.

When profits are generated, they are generally split so that the investor shares in the bounty, sometimes up to the full amount of the trade credit line, resulting in an 80 to 100 percent profit to the investor, sometimes more. Each program has different types of profit sharing with the trader, which are negotiated when the program is established with the client.

For illustration purposes, a new issue bank debenture may be purchased at about 40 percent of the face value. So, a €500m face value instrument may cost the trader €200m to buy. The trader uses the trade credit line to make that new issue purchase. Then an exit buyer who was pre-established at the beginning of the program may purchase it at 70 percent (or €350m). The difference is the profit made in the trade, of €150m. That is then used to pay profit to the investor (a shared percentage of the total profit), as well as the trader. When bank debentures trade multiple times during a month, this profit adds up handsomely. This is why an investor can see a profit on his money ranging from 80 to 100 percent of the amount of the trade credit line, and sometimes more (depending on the program).

The challenge for many investors is understanding the minimal risk for loss of principal, particularly if the money owned by the investor stays in his own bank account or is used to issue a cash-backed standby letter of credit. Small cap programs typically require movement of funds to a trader account in order to obtain the trade credit line. Few small cap programs, although there are some, can take under €100m and some offer an insurance policy against loss of principal. Several that we have seen do not offer this. One that we know of, does.

Having understood the principles behind a managed buy/sell, the next question most potential investors ask is, ‘what are the steps needed to engage with such a program?’.

Most investors need a minimum of $100m or €100m – either in cash in a commercial corporate bank account or the face value of a bankable instrument. That number is a little bit deceiving, because you have to factor in the trade credit line being anywhere from 70 to 80 percent of the value of the account. That 70 to 80 percent net must equal at least $100m. So, the real need is for the investor to have about $150m, to account for the deduction with the loan-to-value factored in.

A financially qualified investor, in order to avoid potential solicitation rules, is the one who moves first to establish the relationship. This is done with the submission of a Know Your Customer (KYC) and proof of funds set of documents which indicate the investor’s desire and capacity to enter a program. While the preparation of these documents takes just a little time to complete, it fulfills the solicitation rules allowing the trading organisation to open the conversation and subsequently prepare the trade contract shortly after receipt by the appropriate authorized intake person.

In general, it takes a couple of weeks to arrange the trade commitments and the banks, along with approval from the authorities governing these programs, at which time the trading may proceed at the next opportunity to start.

With the noise of internet brokers misinforming people about these programs, building trust must first be mutual between parties. Without trust, there can be no transaction. Trust is the first thing any investor needs to feel is in place before too much discussion of a program is presented.

The fact is that managed buy/sell programs using bank debentures do exist, however actual providers are few and far between. The supply of these programs is small, and demand far exceeds it. Getting in the way of being connected to something real are usually the internet brokers, who smell money but do not have the relationships or knowledge of how these work, so, the likelihood of success is almost nil. When you have a trusted party to work with, with authentic relationships and compatibility, it is possible to be included in a program. For most investors, this is the mechanism used to fund projects without debt or repayment.


Capital Funding | Capital & Credit Enhancement | Managed “Buy Sell’ or ‘PPP’


1) Instrument Owner(s) through its authorized representative shall come on board as co-owner with limited rights in the Securitization Vehicle at Luxembourg owned and operated by our Trading Desk. 

2) Instrument Owner would allow the Trading Desk to collateralize the asset-backed financial instrument(s) and thereupon issue asset backed securities. Goldman Sachs and PIMCO Global would underwrite these securities for institutional investors like Sovereign Wealth Funds, Hedge Funds, Credit Institutions and other financial institutions. 

3) Funds raised through these asset-backed securities would then be used for trading and investment across global capital markets. 

4) Returns generated shall be paid out to institutional investors, Instrument Owner and owners of the Trading Desk.


5) Instrument Owner must pass a board resolution to express their intent to invest with the Trading Desk, and participate in this structured investment program. They must authorize one Director who would represent the Instrument Owner(s) for all purposes related with this program. 

6) An LOI shall be presented by the Instrument Owner(s) to the Trading Desk (format shall be provided by the Trading Desk)

7) Upon receipt of the copies of the Board Resolution and Authorization Letter along with LOI, KYC documents of the said authorized Director and KYC documents of Instrument Owner(s), official Private Placement Memorandum (PPM) and Luxembourg Securitization Vehicle Co-Ownership Agreement (SVCA) would be issued.

8) Once these preliminary formalities are complete, KPMG on behalf of the Trading Desk and Instrument Owner would complete procedures to have Instrument Owner onboarded as co-owner of the Securitization Vehicle with limited rights and also carry out the formal collateralization procedures in accordance with HSBC, Luxembourg.

9) The Instrument Owner(s) must provide total and unconditional consent and rights to HSBC and the Trading Desk to use the financial instrument(s) as collateral to further issue asset-backed securities. 

10) Asset-backed securities would be underwritten by Goldman Sachs and PIMCO Global and funds raised through subscription of these securities shall be deployed through Goldman Sachs and PIMCO Global in financial markets. 

11) There is a minimum lock-in period of 03 years and can be extended up to 05 years. 


12) All investment returns are subject to market risks. However, through careful mathematical design of the investment strategies and deployment of technology infrastructure provided by IBM, AWS, EOS (satellite data) and Bloomberg, it has been possible to create hybrid securities having combination of various traditional and esoteric asset classes and their derivatives such that predictable returns are generated with inherent tail risk hedging. 

13) Instrument Owner(s) can expect notional returns in the range of 35%-45% annually. Liquidity criteria would be provided by Goldman Sachs and PIMCO Global in accordance with the risk management framework prescribed by the Trading Desk.


14) Multi Compartment Securitization Vehicle formation costs would be borne by the Trade Desk

15) CSSF Luxembourg co-ownership charges for securitization vehicle to be paid by Instrument Owner(s) on behalf of the appointed representative

16) All charges relating to compliance, due diligence and regulatory charges are to be borne by the Trade Desk.